Native plants and migratory birds’ reserve


 

A wide area of about 5 hectares dedicated entirely for the native flora of Fuerteventura and, in a lower degree, to the one in other Canary Islands. Planting numerous specimens of each of every species, it is able to approximately reproduce the ecosystem they belong to in an enough area. Basically, they are two: the cardonal-tabaibal and the thermopile dry forest. For each of these ecosystems it was searched the suitable location: the cardonal-tabaibal (Kleinio-Euphorbietea type) occupies slopes exposed to strong sunlight, while  thermopile dry forest (Oleo-Rhamnetalia crenulatae type) was placed in little cliffs and water courses which traverse the reserve, with more shadows and with more moisture.

The area has the bioclimatic conditions suitable for the establishment of sweet tabaibal with little irrigation needs. The cardonal, more needed of moisture, flourishes with minimal intervention (located irrigation to help recently planted specimens during adverse weather conditions).

Over time, it will be able to have a wide tabaial-cardonal area, where the main species of this ecosystem rule, an ecosystem so little represented in Fuerteventura, and even less in its optimal conservation state. Shrubby and cactus shaped species from Euphorbia genus, dominant plants in these communities, are complement in the Reserve with numerous species which also belong to the ecosystem, but because of herbivores in the island are extremely limited, such as guaydil (Convolvulus floridus), cornical (Periploca laevigata), tasaigo (Rubia fruticosa), canary duraznillo (Ceballosia fruticosa), white taginaste (Echium famarae), conservilla majorera (Salvia herbanica), col de risco majorera (Crambe sventenii) and Pulicaria canariensis. All these plants find refuge in the Native plants and Migratory birds’ Reserve, which contributes a lot in their conservation. 

The thermopile dry forest, on its hand, is formed basically by canary wild olive trees (Olea cerasiformis), which are sometimes joined in some seedling places (Pistacia atlantica) and some shrubby species such as the white broom (Retama rhodorhizoides). It also belongs to this vegetal formation the limited “peralillo” from the eastern Canary, scientifically described in 2010 and which only remain 14 wild specimens distributed in an isolated way by the geography of Fuerteventura and Lanzarote. At the Native Plants Reserve it exists nowadays 11 specimens of this little spiny bush, being intended increasing the number of the when seeds are available again.

Jandía’s summits also develops the thermopile moist forest, very rich in species, among in which are some potentially arboreal such as canary peralillo (Maytenus canariensis) and Mocán (Visnea mocanera), and some unique endemic with great conservationist importance. Accorded to its particular ecology, remarking the high atmospheric moisture and the lower temperatures, not all of the species in this ecosystem can be harvested in the area of La Lajita, so it is no able to loyally rebuild this ecosystem. However, it is able to see at the Native Plants Reserve some of the principal arboreal species from these communities, such as the ones mentioned, the mocán and peralillo.

What´s more, the Reserve counts with little extensions of halo-psamófila vegetation from the coast of Fuerteventura. It is able to see here plants as the “chaparro canario” (Convolvulus caput-medusae) and the strange Pulicaria burchardii, a Saharan coastal plant which has in Fuerteventura its unique population in the Canary Islands.

Disperse palm trees of canary palm and reed beds at the bottom of some little cliffs make the whole Reserve a special attractive landscape, made also by the magnificent view from its high slopes where you are able to see a great part of the Botanical Garden, and water ponds rounded by riverside vegetation.

Migratory birds attracted by this little ponds and the dense vegetation find here a place to rest while their long way in their breeding places in Europe and the wintery stations placed in Africa.